pt. EPA’s “Clean Power Plan” sought to regulate the historically largest source of greenhouse gases in the U.S. economy — the CO2 emitted by electric power generating plants. 40 C.F.R. As a frequently used measure of a country's well-being, the GDP, for example, places value on the goods and services produced within a country but fails to account for the GHG emissions and other environmental effects created in the process. — Oct 20, 2020. EPA's actions to address climate change are also being challenged by those most directly affected – the regulated community.

[9], The Center for Biological Diversity and had requested earlier in December that the EPA set the NAAQS for carbon dioxide at no greater than 350 ppm. [12] Coal, for example, was first commercially mined in the United States in 1748, and within a few years after the ratification of the U.S. Constitution, Pittsburgh became the first industrial center in the country to use coal-fired steam power in its manufacturing operations. (eds. New GHG air permitting began for facilities that would have to go through air permitting for non-GHG pollutants anyway. Burtraw, D., Fraas, G., & Richardson, N. (2011). National Primary and Secondary Ambient Air Quality Standards (40 C.F.R. [24] The properties of greenhouse gases are such that they retain heat in the atmosphere, which would otherwise escape to space. In 2005, the United States emitted 18% of the world's total GHG emissions, making it the second largest emitter after China. Some rights reserved. In a 5-4 decision in Massachusetts v. Environmental Protection Agency, the Supreme Court held that "greenhouse gases fit well within the Act's capacious definition of 'air pollutant' " and that EPA therefore has statutory authority to regulate GHG emissions from new motor vehicles.

Retrieved from: Rockefeller, J., (March 4, 2010). After EPA sets the technology-based regulations, EPA has to evaluate any remaining or “residual” risks, and decide whether it is necessary to control the source further.

42 U.S.C. Take a close look at the green segments representing electricity generation, the only sector covered by EPA proposals to date. First, as noted above, the emissions standards gradually become more stringent over time. [Letter to EPA Regional Administrators]. Part 70 defines the minimum requirements that each state must meet for its program, as well as the standards that the EPA uses in approving individual state programs.

Resources Radio You’ll find more details about our analysis and comparison of EPA’s proposed rule to Rep. McDermott’s proposal in our post, Next to Nothing for Climate in Obama Plan (6/2/14). Review of Policy Research, 27(6), 795-821. is a comprehensive Federal law that regulates all sources of air emissions. 66496-66546. Press release. Contributors to and consequences of climate change, Physical and social contributors to climate change, Greenhouse gas effect on public health and welfare, Regulatory approaches under the Clean Air Act, Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards and Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards Rule, 68 Fed. CARB initially requested a waiver from EPA for these standards on December 21, 2005.

“The Politics and Economics of Obama’s New Climate Program” by CTC board member Robert Shapiro (7/2/13).

Simmons wrote that NGOs can, "make the impossible possible by doing what governments cannot or will not. Another difference is that titles in the Clean Air Act correspond to subchapters in the U.S. Code. Retrieved 2-27-2011 from: OpenCongress. 60.5360-.5499 (Subpart OOOO) – Standards of Performance for Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production, Transmission and Distribution – This subpart establishes emission standards and compliance schedules for the control of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions from affected facilities that commence construction, modification or reconstruction after August 23, 2011. However, BACT is established by a permitting authority on a case-by-case basis considering site- and source-specific factors. The reluctance of both the American public and Congress to make sometimes difficult choices to address climate change has left opportunities wide open for other stakeholders to influence climate change policy; among the most influential thus far are non-governmental organizations (NGOs).

pt. 63.1(a)(2) (2007). The EPA estimated that this rule will prevent 960 million metric tons of CO2-equivalent emissions from being emitted to the atmosphere, and that it will save 1.8 billion barrels of oil over the lifetime of the vehicles subject to the rule. 60.5360-.5499 (Subpart OOOO)) – This subpart, modified in a 2012 rulemaking, establishes emission standards and compliance schedules for the control of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions from affected facilities that commence construction, modification or reconstruction after August 23, 2011. On December 23, 2010, EPA announced that it would establish GHG standards for new and modified electric generating units (EGUs) and petroleum refineries under section 111(b) of the CAA, and that it would set GHG emissions guidelines for existing sources in those same categories under CAA section 111(d);[64] these emissions standards and guidelines will be established according to a schedule set forth in settlement agreements into which EPA entered to settle legal challenges brought forth by several NGOs and states after EPA failed to establish GHG standards when it revised its rules for EGUs and refineries in 2006 and 2008. Pt. (2010). Pt. Parts of this article (those related to two June 2014 Supreme Court decisions) need to be. Reg. 55292-55365, 75 Fed. [67] The arguments put forth by the plaintiffs are numerous and varied, depending on the particular case but most are fundamentally about the economic impacts of regulation. 2) The Cause or Contribute Finding, in which the Administrator found that the combined greenhouse gas emissions from new motor vehicles and motor vehicle engines contribute to the atmospheric concentrations of these key greenhouse gases and hence to the threat of climate change. The States were directed to develop State implementation plans (SIPs), which consist of emission reduction strategies, with the goal of achieving the NAAQS by the legislated date. 50.5 – Secondary NAAQS for Sulfur Oxides (Sulfur Dioxide) – This part establishes the maximum allowable concentration of sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere during any three-hour period, which may not be exceeded more than once during any calendar year. The CAA does not enumerate the substances to be regulated by NAAQS, but rather gives the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the authority to determine which substances should be governed by NAAQS.

63 (2015)) – The EPA establishes national emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) for "specific categories of stationary sources that emit (or have the potential to emit) one or more hazardous air pollutants listed in [part 63] pursuant to section 112(b) of the [Clean Air] Act." Some existing stationary. pt.

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