There are also parks such as Schreiner's Iris Garden, Minto-Brown Island Park, Riverfront Park, and much more. The first people of European descent arrived in the area as early as 1812; they were animal trappers and food gatherers for the fur trading companies in Astoria, Oregon. A few popular sites and landmarks include Salem's Riverfront Carousel, Oregon State Capitol, Willamette University, and the Willamette Valley Fruit Company. [23] The state capital is about 47 mi (76 km) south of Portland, but actually has a lower average temperature than that of Portland (54.4 °F or 12.4 °C),[23] due in part to the lower daily minima. [19] The first cherry festival in Salem was held in 1903 and was an annual event, with parades and the election of a cherry queen, until sometime after World War I. From Wilsonville, WES Commuter Rail connects to TriMet routes in Beaverton, including MAX Light Rail. [50] The Salem Armory Auditorium has hosted touring bands including Korn and Phish. The river forms the boundary between Marion and Polk counties, and the city neighborhood of West Salem is in Polk County. They fished and harvested in the streams and fields of the area. It serves primarily general aviation and the Oregon National Guard – Army Aviation Support Facility (AASF).
Salem has been awarded "Tree City USA" status by the National Arbor Day Foundation for 30 consecutive years for its dedication to urban forestry.

Basins and valleys, headquarters for large cattle ranches, are scattered through the Blue Mountains. A two-story state house, which had been occupied for only two months, burned to the ground in December 1855.

Its brands include Flav-R-Pac and West-Pac frozen fruits and vegetables, and Santiam canned vegetables. In 1861, Salem was chosen as the permanent site of the Oregon State Fair by the Oregon State Agricultural Association. Amtrak Cascades trains, operating as far north as Vancouver, British Columbia and as far south as Eugene, Oregon, serve Salem several times daily in both directions. The manufacturing sector is also vibrant, and there are many metal fabrication and high-tech manufacturing industries. Learn how and when to remove this template message, seven radio stations broadcast from Salem, Tokyo International University of America, "Salemite realizes dream of publishing book", "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Salem city, Oregon", "Distance from Salem, OR to Portland, OR", "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas", "Salem (Oregon) Online History - Salem's Name", "Salem (Oregon) Online History - Kalapuya", "Salem (Oregon) Online History - Brief History", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "2010 Census profiles: Oregon cities alphabetically R-S", "Oregon – Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990", "Art fair is a party for Salem and its friends", "Landmark building's 80th birthday is reason to party", "The Answer: Salem Oregon's Tallest Building", "Home – Salem Chamber Orchestra | Salem, OR", "2010 Tree Cities USA Communities in Oregon", "Explore wine regions in Oregon: Willamette Valley", "Salem Magazine | Arts, Enterainment, Lifestyle and Home Living", Affirmative Action and Democratic Vistas: After the Supreme Court Michigan Cases, "Delta will suspend Salem flights in October", "Jon Heder returns as animated 'Napolean Dynamite, "Douglas J. McKay (1953–1956): Secretary of the Interior", "Willamette's 25th President: Biography | Willamette University", Capitals of the United States by jurisdiction, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Salem,_Oregon&oldid=986778337, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from August 2011, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 November 2020, at 23:21. The area of the High Lava Plains, or High Desert, is located south of the Blue Mountains and eastward from the Cascade Range. However, annual snowfall in Salem is only 6 inches. [10] This area is, in turn, part of the Portland-Vancouver-Salem Combined Statistical Area. Across the Willamette River in West Salem is the 114-acre (46 ha) Wallace Marine Park, which includes a boat ramp and floating boat dock allowing easy access to the river for water sports. This valley contains the prime land of the state, about one-tenth of its total acreage, and its soils support intensive agriculture. In a bid to diversify its economic base, Salem attracted a number of computer-related manufacturing plants in the 1990s. The Blue and Wallowa mountains were heavily glaciated and display spectacular scenery.

[12], When the Institute was dissolved, the trustees decided to lay out a town site on the Institute lands. According to Salem's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[33] the top employers in the area are: Salem has 18 recognized neighborhood associations, which are independent groups that receive administrative support from the city. For every 100 females, there were 100.9 males. The third and current Oregon State Capitol was completed on the same site in 1938. By this time, the tribe had become nearly extinct from recurrent attacks by diseases that weakened their immune system. The Oregon Symphony, based in Portland, presents approximately ten classical and pops concerts each year in Salem.

The current mayor is Chuck Bennett, a Democrat first elected in 2016. Salem has restaurants that specialize in a variety of cuisines, including Chinese, Mexican, Italian, American, and Japanese. Some famous restaurants include Amadeus, Annette's Westgate, Bently's Grill, Best Little Roadhouse, Christo's Pizzeria and Lounge, Marco Polo Global Restaurant and Robert's Crossing.

These projects will provide upscale, low- and high-rise condominium and office space. Capital of Oregon is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 18 times. Instance hypernyms: state capital (the capital city of a political subdivision of a country) Holonyms ("capital of Oregon" is a part of...): Beaver State; OR; Ore.; Oregon (a state in northwestern United States on the Pacific) European Countries That Are Not Members Of The European Union, The US States Most Prone To Natural Disasters, The Largest Football (Soccer) Stadiums In The World. Columbia River Gorge, Oregon-Washington border. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. It has the largest working pipe organ on the west coast, a remnant of its days as a showcase for silent films, in the early days of cinema. [58], Minto-Brown Island Park is the largest at 1,200 acres (490 ha). Pop. The 60+ year old, indoor Saturday Public Market is open all year. The eastern section, less dissected, is crowned with a chain of volcanic peaks. Northern and eastern Salem are less hilly. [54][55], Salem has one daily newspaper, the Gannett-owned Statesman Journal.

One school, Willamette Academy, is part of an outreach program run by Willamette University that is designed to expose under-represented students to the rewards of an academic life at an early age (7th–12th grade).[64]. Located almost equidistant from Eugene and Portland, Salem sits in the fertile Willamette Valley, … Today KBZY has an oldies format, and continues to use live and local personalities. The Cascade Range forms a broad lava plateau. Salem's public elementary and secondary schools are part of the Salem-Keizer School District which has approximately 39,000 students and is the second largest public school district in the state. Nationally, Oregon ranks at or near the top among all states in the production of wood products. The city is served by the following highways: Salem Hospital Regional Health Services, one of the largest of Oregon's 57 acute care hospitals, is a 454-bed acute care medical facility. State government is Salem's largest employer, but the city also serves as a hub for the area farming communities and is a major agricultural food processing center.

European-Americans settled in Salem in 1812 and made a living as trappers and gatherers of food for the fur trade companies. Which document does the Fourth of July commemorate?
They are both free and open to the public. At that time of its completion, it was the tallest commercial building in the state.[48].

Salem is also home to several public boarding schools, the Chemawa Indian School (a Native American high school), and the Oregon School for the Deaf. [37], The Salem Art Association sponsors the annual Salem Art Fair and Festival, which takes place at Bush's Pasture Park during the summer. Agricultural food processing in Salem is abundant, include Kettle Foods and NORPAC Foods. About 79% of the population is Caucasian, while about 20% is Hispanic. As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 154,637 people, 57,290 households, and 36,261 families residing in the city. The median age in the city was 34.5 years. [68], As of 2014, there was talk of reviving the now-stagnant Sister City project launched in 1964 with Salem in Tamil Nadu, India.

Salem was originally inhabited by the Kalapuya, a Native American tribe. Salem is located in the north-central Willamette Valley, in Marion and Polk counties. The event consists of a weekend of local restaurants in Salem offering samples of their menus to patrons in a festival atmosphere, with live entertainment and benefiting local charities. The name Oregon is thought to be Native American in origin. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.15. The population density was 2,994.0 people per square mile (1,156.1/km2). There were 57,290 households, of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.7% were non-families. The largest event in Salem is the Oregon State Fair at the end of August through Labor Day. Salem was originally inhabited by the Kalapuya, a Native American tribe. Mostly cloudy skies and low cloud ceilings are commonplace during the rainy season. In case something is wrong or missing kindly let us know by …

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